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Ascertaining of Results at European Parliament Elections

Six members to the European Parliament are elected from Estonia. Both political parties and independent candidates may participate in the elections. At the European Parliament elections Estonia forms one electoral district.

The mandates are divided nationally according to the d’Hondt distribution method. D’Hondt distribution series runs as 1, ,2, 3, 4, etc. Unlike the Riigikogu elections, there is no electoral threshold at the European Parliament elections, because as only 6 mandates are distributed, there is no need for it. An independent candidate shall participate in the elections like a party list with one candidate.

The manner of distribution: 

When distributing mandates on the D’Hondt distribution method, comparative figures are first calculated for every party – the number of comparative figures corresponds to the number of candidates on the party list. The comparative figures are reached when the number of votes for a party is divided by every element of the distribution series. 

Next, the comparative figures of parties and independent candidates are compared. A mandate shall be given to the party or independent candidate with the highest comparative figure, the next mandate goes to the party or independent candidate with the second highest comparative figure, etc. In such a way all mandates are distributed.

Example: 

Six mandates are divided between two parties. 

Party A: The number of votes 300 000

Comparative figures: 
1) 300 000/1=300 000 
2) 300 000/2=150 000 
3) 300 000/3=100 000
4) 300 000/4=75 000
5) 300 000/5=60 000
6) 300 000/6=50 000
etc.

Party B: The number of votes 270 000

Comparative figures: 
1) 270 000/1=270 000 
2) 270 000/2=135 000 
3) 270 000/3=90 000
4) 270 000/4=67 500
5) 270 000/5=54 000
6) 270 000/6=45 000
etc.

 

Independent candidate: The number of votes 95 000

Comparative figure: 95 000/1=95 000

The six mandates are thus divided as follows: 
1 – party A – comparative figure 300 000 
2 – party B – comparative figure 270 000 
3 – party A – comparative figure 150 000 
4 – party B – comparative figure 135 000
5 – party A – comparative figure 100 000
6 – Independent candidate – comparative figure 95 000

Who shall be elected:

At the European Parliament elections open lists are used, i.e. the candidates are reranked in the list according to the number of votes received. In the reranked list the candidate having the highest place shall be elected. In the example an independent candidate also receives a mandate.