Home voting

If a voter is unable to vote at a polling place of a voting district due to their state of health or for another good reason, they may apply to vote at home. Voting at home is possible only if an application for it has been submitted in advance.

Home voting is held from the third day to the day before the election day (from Friday to Saturday) and on election day (on Sunday). Home voting is takes place from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. at the residence of the voter.

In order to vote at home, a voter submits an application to the rural municipality or city government (in Tallinn, city district government) of their residence by 2 p.m. on the election day. The application may be submitted in writing or by phone. The application to vote at home is registered.

An application to vote at home must include the following:

  1. name of voter;
  2. personal identification code of voter;
  3. address of voter;
  4. telecommunications numbers of voter;
  5. reason for voting at home.

The application has to state the reason for voting at home. For example:

  • state of health;
  • advanced age;
  • difficult road conditions;
  • lack of transport.

If the voting district committee finds the application to be unsubstantiated, it will inform the applicant of the circumstances for dismissal of the application.

Home voting is organised by at least two members of the division committee. The voter needs to carry an identity document, because the voter’s right to vote is ascertained by their personal identification code.

For voting, a member of the voting district committee issues the voter a ballot paper and the consolidated list of candidates in the electoral district of the voter’s residence. The voter signs the list of voters against receipt of the ballot paper, and a notification on their voting is made in the electronic list of voters. 

After completing the ballot paper, the voter folds the ballot paper and deposits it in the ballot box designated for home voting. Each voter votes for themselves, and it is not allowed to authorise anyone else to do it. If a voter is unable to complete the ballot paper themselves due to a physical disability, another voter, but not a candidate, can do so at their request and in their presence.