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Election of the President of the Republic in 1992

The setting up of the candidates for the President of the Republic was initiated: on 15 July – Lennart Meri and Arnold Rüütel; on 21 July – Jaks Lankots and Uno Ruus; on 24 July – Lagle Parek; on 27 July – Miina Hint; and on 3 August – Rein Taagepera.

On 6 August, Hint withdrew her candidacy; Lankots withdrew his on 11 August. Ruus did not receive the required 10,000 signatures in support by the set term.

On 20 August, Meri (11,491 signatures), Rüütel (21,009 signatures), Parek (10,839 signatures), and Taagepera (14,887 signatures) were registered as candidates for the President of the Republic.

At the election on 20 September 1992, none of the presidential candidates received the required number of votes, which is why the President of the Republic was elected at the first sitting of the Riigikogu on 5 October 1992.

 

Direct election 20 September 1992.

Personal information of the registered presidential candidates.

  • Lennart Meri was born on 29 March 1929 in Tallinn. Ambassador of the Republic of Estonia to the Republic of Finland.
  • Arnold Rüütel was born on 10 May 1928 in Saaremaa. Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Estonia.
  • Lagle Parek was born on 17 April 1941 in Pärnu. Member of the Board of collective enterprise Fööniks.
  • Rein Taagepera was born on 28 February 1933 in Tartu. Professor of the University of California. Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences in the University of Tartu

 

Voter turnout and division of votes in the voting districts formed in the Republic of Estonia

Harju County

Voters on the list 46851
Actual turnout 31927
Turnout percentage 68,1
Lennart Meri 8319 votes 26,1%
Arnold Rüütel 14331 votes 44,9%
Lagle Parek 1144 votes 3,6%
Rein Taagepera 7882 votes 24,7%
Total number of votes 31676
Invalid ballot papers 251

 

Hiiu County

Voters on the list 7715
Actual turnout 5178
Turnout percentage 67,1
Lennart Meri 899 votes 17,4%
Arnold Rüütel 2793 votes 53,9%
Lagle Parek 157 votes 3,0%
Rein Taagepera 1268 votes 24,5%
Total number of votes 5117
Invalid ballot papers 61

 

Ida-Viru County

Voters on the list 15795
Actual turnout 11434
Turnout percentage 72,4
Lennart Meri 1917 votes 16,8%
Arnold Rüütel 6276 votes 54,9%
Lagle Parek 269 votes 2,4%
Rein Taagepera 2879 votes 25,2%
Total number of votes 11341
Invalid ballot papers 93

 

Jõgeva County

Voters on the list 26318
Actual turnout 16223
Turnout percentage 61,6
Lennart Meri 4145 votes 25,6%
Arnold Rüütel 7777 votes 47,9%
Lagle Parek 574 votes 3,5%
Rein Taagepera 3539 votes 21,8%
Total number of votes 16035
Invalid ballot papers 188

 

Järva County

Voters on the list 27787
Actual turnout 18072
Turnout percentage 65,0
Lennart Meri 4613 votes 25,5%
Arnold Rüütel 8518 votes 47,1%
Lagle Parek 450 votes 2,5%
Rein Taagepera 4336 votes 24,0%
Total number of votes 17917
Invalid ballot papers 155

 

Lääne-Viru County

Voters on the list 41741
Actual turnout 26193
Turnout percentage 50,2
Lennart Meri 4941 votes 18,9%
Arnold Rüütel 13160 votes 50,2%
Lagle Parek 639 votes 2,4%
Rein Taagepera 7278 votes 27,8%
Total number of votes 26018
Invalid ballot papers 175

 

Lääne County

Voters on the list 17697
Actual turnout 11491
Turnout percentage 64,9
Lennart Meri 3213 votes 28,0%
Arnold Rüütel 5646 votes 49,1%
Lagle Parek 313 votes 2,7%
Rein Taagepera 2222 votes 19,3%
Total number of votes 11394
Invalid ballot papers 97

 

Põlva County

Voters on the list 21991
Actual turnout 13766
Turnout percentage 62,6
Lennart Meri 3790 votes 27,5%
Arnold Rüütel 5157 votes 37,5%
Lagle Parek 541 votes 3,9%
Rein Taagepera 4103 votes 29,8%
Total number of votes 13951
Invalid ballot papers 175

 

Pärnu County

Voters on the list 28161
Actual turnout 19448
Turnout percentage 69,1
Lennart Meri 3957 votes 20,3%
Arnold Rüütel 9274 votes 47,7%
Lagle Parek 765 votes 3,9%
Rein Taagepera 5319 votes 27,4%
Total number of votes 19315
Invalid ballot papers 133

 

Raplamaa

Voters on the list 23249
Actual turnout 14986
Turnout percentage 64,5
Lennart Meri 3467 votes 23,1%
Arnold Rüütel 7187 votes 48,0%
Lagle Parek 611 votes 4,1%
Rein Taagepera 3590 votes 24,0%
Total number of votes 14855
Invalid ballot papers 131

 

Saare County

Voters on the list 25855
Actual turnout 16699
Turnout percentage 64,6
Lennart Meri 3412 votes 20,4%
Arnold Rüütel 9664 votes 57,9%
Lagle Parek 427 votes 2,6%
Rein Taagepera 3034 votes 18,2%
Total number of votes 16537
Invalid ballot papers 162

 

Tartu County

Voters on the list 28886
Actual turnout 19353
Turnout percentage 67,0
Lennart Meri 6849 votes 41,2%
Arnold Rüütel 7967 votes 41,2%
Lagle Parek 796 votes 4,1%
Rein Taagepera 3525 votes 18,2%
Total number of votes 19137
Invalid ballot papers 216

 

Valga County

Voters on the list 22949
Actual turnout 15742
Turnout percentage 68,6
Lennart Meri 4063 votes 25,8%
Arnold Rüütel 7213 votes 45,8%
Lagle Parek 754 votes 4,8%
Rein Taagepera 3533 votes 22,4%
Total number of votes 15563
Invalid ballot papers 179

 

Viljandi County

Voters on the list 43157
Actual turnout 27471
Turnout percentage 63,7
Lennart Meri 6807 votes 24,8%
Arnold Rüütel 12340 votes 44,9%
Lagle Parek 824 votes 3,0%
Rein Taagepera 7230 votes 26,3%
Total number of votes 27201
Invalid ballot papers 270

 

Võru County

Voters on the list 27328
Actual turnout 18538
Turnout percentage 67,8
Lennart Meri 5001 votes 27,0%
Arnold Rüütel 7097 votes 38,3%
Lagle Parek 1134 votes 6,1%
Rein Taagepera 5045 votes 27,2%
Total number of votes 18277
Invalid ballot papers 261

 

City of Kohtla-Järve

Voters on the list 14311
Actual turnout 10075
Turnout percentage 70,4
Lennart Meri 1428 votes 14,2%
Arnold Rüütel 5082 votes 50,4%
Lagle Parek 232 votes 2,3%
Rein Taagepera 3182 votes 31,6%
Total number of votes 9924
Invalid ballot papers 151

 

City of Narva

Voters on the list 7003
Actual turnout 4731
Turnout percentage 67,6
Lennart Meri 504 votes 10,6%
Arnold Rüütel 1762 votes 37,2%
Lagle Parek 372 votes 7,9%
Rein Taagepera 1988 votes 42,0%
Total number of votes 4626
Invalid ballot papers 105

 

City of Pärnu

Voters on the list 30116
Actual turnout 20699
Turnout percentage 68,7
Lennart Meri 5962 votes 28,8%
Arnold Rüütel 7757 votes 37,5%
Lagle Parek 682 votes 3,3%
Rein Taagepera 6098 votes 29,5%
Total number of votes 20499
Invalid ballot papers 200

 

City of Sillamäe

Voters on the list 555
Actual turnout 463
Turnout percentage 83,3
Lennart Meri 50 votes 10,8%
Arnold Rüütel 232 votes 50,1%
Lagle Parek 26 votes 5,6%
Rein Taagepera 151 votes 32,6%
Total number of votes 459
Invalid ballot papers 4

 

City of Tallinn

Voters on the list 165904
Actual turnout 119176
Turnout percentage 71,8
Lennart Meri 40241 votes 33,8%
Arnold Rüütel 45044 votes 37,8%
Lagle Parek 5721 votes 4,8%
Rein Taagepera 26642 votes 22,6%
Total number of votes 117648
Invalid ballot papers 1528

 

City of Tartu

Voters on the list 56402
Actual turnout 37110
Turnout percentage 65,8
Lennart Meri 18484 votes 49,8%
Arnold Rüütel 10327 votes 27,8%
Lagle Parek 1451 votes 3,9%
Rein Taagepera 6352 votes 17,1%
Total number of votes 36614
Invalid ballot papers 496

 

Turnout and voting results in the election districts formed outside the Republic of Estonia

Voters on the list 9837
Actual turnout 9830
Turnout percentage 99,9
Lennart Meri 6255 votes 63,6%
Arnold Rüütel 1139 votes 11,6%
Lagle Parek 1955 votes 19,9%
Rein Taagepera 435 votes 4,4%
Total number of votes 9784
Invalid ballot papers 46

 

Turnout and voting results of the election of the President of the Republic of Estonia

Voters on the list 689608
Actual turnout 468605
Turnout percentage 68,0
Lennart Meri 138317 votes 29,5%
Arnold Rüütel 195743 votes 41,8%
Lagle Parek 19837 votes 4,2%
Rein Taagepera 109631 votes 23,4%
Total number of votes 463528
Invalid ballot papers 5077

This means that none of the presidential candidates received more than half of the votes, as required to be elected the President of the Republic.

Under subsections 11(2) and 15(2) of the President of the Republic Election Act, in order to elect the President in the Riigikogu, the names of Arnold Rüütel and Lennart Meri were entered on the ballot papers.

 

Voting results at the election of the President of the Republic in the Riigikogu on 5 October 1992.

When the votes were counted, the Electoral Committee ascertained the following results:

  1. 101 Members of the Riigikogu were entered on the list of voters
  2. 101 Members of the Riigikogu received a ballot paper
  3. 101 members of the Riigikogu took part in the voting
  4. 11 ballot papers were declared invalid
Candidate Votes
Arnold Rüütel 31
Lennart Meri 59

Under subsection 15(6) of the President of the Republic Election Act, Lennart Meri was elected the President of the Republic.