Electoral Districts and Voting Districts

Electoral districts

Electoral district is a territorial unit used to ascertain the election result (distribute the mandates). Estonia is divided into 12 electoral districts for the purpose of the Riigikogu elections.

At the local government council elections, rural municipalities and cities usually form one electoral district, several districts are formed in exceptional cases and pursuant to the law. In Tallinn there are 8 electoral districts. 

Estonia forms one electoral district at the European Parliament elections.


Voting districts

When organising the voting, electoral districts are divided into voting districts. Establishing voting districts is in the competence of city government or rural municipalities. The locations and opening hours of the voting districts are published on the web page of the National Electoral Committee prior to the elections. Voting districts are permanent, i.e. they are not formed anew before each election.

Every voter is entered in the list of voters of one voting district but they are not obliged to vote in that particular district. Advance polling is possible outside one’s voting district of residence, this is explained more closely in chapter Advance polling. It is also possible to vote electronically. On the election day, a voter can vote only in the voting district of their residence.

The vote cast by the voter will be counted with the votes cast in their division of residence. If they have voted in another voting district, the ballot paper is enclosed in two envelopes and sent to the voting district of their residence, where it will be counted on election day. Before that the voting district committee will verify that that the person is entered in the list of voters of that particular division and has not voted more than once.