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Statistics about Internet Voting in Estonia

I-voting was first introduced during the local elections of 2005, when more than 9 thousand voters cast their ballot via the Internet (this corresponded to about 2 per cent of all participating voters). Today, I-voting with binding results has been carried out nine times in Estonia:

  • in the local elections in October 2005, October 2009, October 2013 and October 2017
  • the parliamentary elections in March 2007, March 2011 and March 2015
  • the European Parliament elections in June 2009 and May 2014

In the parliamentary elections in 2007, about 30,000 voters used this voting method. (This number corresponds to 5 per cent of the participating voters). In the European Parliament elections in 2009 the number of I-voters had almost doubled – more than 58,000 voters used this method (this corresponded to about 15 per cent of all participating voters). In the local elections that took place on 18 October 2009, I-voting was used as a voting method for the fourth time, and there were about 104,000 I-voters (about 16 per cent of all participating voters). 140,846 I-voters used this voting method in the parliamentary elections of 2011. In 2013 local elections more than 133,000 voters voted online. This number corresponds to about 22 per cent of the participating voters. In European Parliament elections in 2014, more than 103,000 voters used I-voting – that is 31% of all voters.

General Statistics
  Local Elections 2005 Parliamentary Elections 2007 European Parliament Elections 2009 Local Elections 2009 Parliamentary Elections 2011 Local Elections 2013 European Parliament Elections 2014 Parliamentary Elections 2015 Local Elections 2017
Eligible voters 1 059 292 897 243 909 628 1 094 317 913 346 1 086 935 902 873 899 793 1 100 647
Participating voters (voters turned out) 502 504  555 463 399 181 662 813 580 264 630 050  329 766 577 910 586 519
Voter turnout 47,4% 61,9% 43,9% 60,6% 63,5% 58,0%  36,5% 64,2% 53.3%
I-voters 9 317 30 275 58 669 104 413 140 846 133 808  103 151 176 491 186 034
I-votes cancelled
(replaced with paper ballot)
30 32 55 100 82 146  46 162 163
I-votes counted 9 287 30 243 58 614 104 313 140 764 133 662  103 105 176 329 185 871
I-votes invalid (not valid due to a nonstandard of vote)  n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a.** 1 n.a. 1 n.a.
Multiple I-votes (replaced with I-vote) 364 789 910 2 373 4 384 3 045  2 019 4 593 4 527
I-voters among eligible voters 0,9% 3,4% 6,5% 9,5% 15,4% 12,3%  11,4% 19,6% 16,9%
I-voters among participating voters 1,9% 5,5% 14,7% 15,8% 24,3% 21,2%  31,3% 30,5% 31,7%
I-votes among advance votes 7,2% 17,6% 45,4% 44% 56,4% 50,5%  59,2% 59,6% 60,6%
I-votes cast abroad among I-votes (based on IP-address)* n.a.

2% 

51 states

3% 

66 states

2,8% 

82 states

3,9%

105 states

4,2%

105 states

4,69%

98 states

5,71%

116 states

4,1%

115 states

I-voting periood 3 days 3 days 7 days 7 days 7 days 7 days  7 days 7 days 7 days
I-voters voting via mobile-ID n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 2 690 11 753 11 609 22 084 44 211
Mobile-ID I-votes among all I-votes n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 1,9% 8,6% 11,0% 12,2% 23,8%
Share of I-votes that were verified by the voter n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. n.a. 3,4% 4,0% 4,3% 4,0%
 * in Local Elections, voters permanently residing abroad are not eligible for voting
** one invalid vote is depicted among cancelled votes 
 
I-Voters by Age 2005 - 2017
Age Local Elections 2005 Parliamentary Elections 2007 European Parliament Elections 2009 Local Elections 2009 Parliamentary Elections 2011 Local Elections 2013 European Parliament Elections 2014 Parliamentary Elections 2015 Local Elections 2017
16-17 - - - - - - - - 1989
18-24 932 3394 5806 11237 14851 11745 7036 14727 12503
25-34 3104 9692 17167 29889 39013 34778 23672 44692 40930
35-44 2252 7063 13534 24604 33438 32708 24672 42070 42976
45-54 1595 5206 10962 19557 25752 24587 19890 32738 37041
55‑64 844 3029 7001 12075 17195 17205 15429 23277 27537
65‑74 382 1270 3184 5065 7445 8236 8353 11870 14654
> 75 208 621 1015 1986 3152 4549 4099 7117 8404

 

 

I-Voters by Gender 2005-2017
Gender Local Elections 2005 Parliamentary Elections 2007 European Parliament Elections 2009 Local Elections 2009 Parliamentary Elections 2011 Local Elections 2013 European Parliament Elections 2014 Parliamentary Elections 2015 Local Elections 2017
Men 5061 15681 28879 49343 65396 63963 50000 83560 87987
Women 4256 14594 29735 55070 75450 69845 53151 92931 98047

 

 

I-Voters by Days 2005 - 2017
Day Local Elections 2005 Parliamentary Elections 2007 European Parliament Elections 2009 Local Elections 2009 Parliamentary Elections 2011 Local Elections 2013 European Parliament Elections 2014 Parliamentary Elections 2015 Local Elections 2017
1. 3683 12907 12286 19212 18676 20600 20145 39039 32566
2. 2967 9421 8123 14211 19544 15360 11922 24626 22300
3. 3031 8736 3514 8257 13541 9232 7080 17133 16382
4.     5279 12888 18468 14930 10883 20721 25518
5.     9246 17438 23179 20764 15070 20847 27525
6.     9592 16297 23785 27133 17743 25850 32576
7.     11539 18483 28037 28834 22324 32868 33694