Internet voting in Estonia

Electronic voting starts on the Monday of the election week at 9 a.m. and ends on Saturday evening at 8 p.m. 

The voter application is published immediately before the start of i-voting on the opening page of the elections web page.


To vote electronically, a voter will need a secure computer with an internet connection and an ID-card with a reader, or a mobile-ID.

If the voter needs to change their choice electronically, they may do so any time during the election week until Saturday evening. If a voter has voted both electronically and by using a paper ballot, only the vote cast at the polling station will count. From 2021, voters can change their i-vote by voting with a ballot paper at a polling place on Sunday, the election day.


I-voting security systems

Every voter must feel secure that their i-vote will reach the chosen candidate. The security of i-voting is ensured by verifiable solutions.