Reports and studies on i-voting

OSCE/ODIHR observation mission reports

The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) has been observing the Riigikogu elections four times since the implementation of i-voting.


Studies and analyses of i-voting

Cybernetica AS cyber experts, at the request of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, analysed whether and how it would be feasible to add biometric facial recognition to online voting, and what risks would need to be taken into account in such a case.

Rise in mobile platforms usage has put forward a natural question whether casting votes from, say, a smartphone or tablet would be a viable option, too. The goal of this report is to seek answer to this and other implied questions.

In 2019, the Minister of Foreign Trade and Information Technology established a working group to assess the compliance of the processes and security measures of the electronic voting with the current regulations on cyber security and organisation of elections.

In cooperation of the University of Tartu and the Estonian National Electoral Committee, a collection has been prepared which discusses topics such as the spreading of i-voting among the Estonian electorate, i-voting patterns, and the social and political impact of i-voting.

The study on i-voting in elections from 2005 to 2011, prepared in cooperation of the Estonian National Electoral Committee and the European University Institute (Florence). Two studies on i-voting have been prepared in cooperation of the Estonian National Electoral Committee, the Council of Europe and the European University Institute.

An overview of the preparations for Estonia’s i-voting project and the search for answers to potential social science questions relating to Estonia’s i-voting project. A report for the Council of Europe aiming to analyse the results of the telephone poll on the local government elections in Estonia on 16 October 2005.


Seminars, briefings and discussions

A discussion on i-voting on smart devices was held in May 2018. Why is it needed, how to realise it technically, what are the main risks, that is, is it safe to vote on a smart device? It was also debated how many people no longer used computers, and if the solemnity of elections would definitively disappear when fulfilling one’s duty as a citizen became simpler.

A seminar to summarise the studies of 2005-2014 was held in January 2015.

Voting on the Internet was implemented for the first time in the municipal council elections in October 2005. The report gives an overview of the preparations for and the carrying out of the i-voting project that started in 2003, and discusses the social science aspects of i-voting.